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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Madison, James (1751-1836) to Robert R. Livingston re: Louisiana Purchase negotiations [in code]

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC07466 Author/Creator: Madison, James (1751-1836) Place Written: Washington Type: Letter signed Date: 1803/07/29 Pagination: 2 p. 25 x 20.3 cm

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Summary of Content: Madison instructs Livingston and James Monroe to research precise boundaries of Florida during Louisiana Purchase negotiations. Portions of the letter are written in a numeric code.

Background Information: Signer of the U.S. Constitution.

People: Madison, James, 1751-1836

Historical Era: The New Nation, 1783-1815

Subjects: PresidentLouisiana PurchaseWestward ExpansionLand TransactionSurveyingDiplomacyGlobal History and CivicsForeign AffairsFrance

Sub Era: The Age of Jefferson & Madison

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