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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Gage, Thomas (1721-1787) to William Johnson

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC03238 Author/Creator: Gage, Thomas (1721-1787) Place Written: New York, New York Type: Autograph letter signed Date: 22 June 1766 Pagination: 3 p. : docket ; 32.2 x 20 cm.

Summary of Content: General Gage about securing evidence against a spy at Johnson Hall and George Croghan's report from Fort Pitt about murders of Indians and white encroachment on their land. In regard to the latter, he contends that the white settlers at Redstone Creek, Pennsylvania, must be driven away. Indicates that they had originally been driven-off by the garrison at Fort Pitt, but later became too numerous. He adds, "If a skirmish happens and Blood is shed, you know what a Clamor there will be against the Military acting without civil Magistrates."

Background Information: Thomas Gage was then commander of British forces. Sir William Johnson was commissioner of Indians.

People: Gage, Thomas, 1718-1787
Johnson, William, 1715-1774

Historical Era: American Revolution, 1763-1783

Subjects: American Indian HistoryBoundary or Property DisputeSpyingMilitary HistoryDeathCrimeCriminals and OutlawsWestward ExpansionFrontiers and ExplorationCivil RightsGovernment and CivicsLawFortification

Sub Era: Road to Revolution

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