Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Morgan, George (1743–1810) Minutes and Agreements of the Indiana Company

High-resolution images are available to schools and libraries via subscription to American History, 1493-1943. Check to see if your school or library already has a subscription. Or click here for more information. You may also request a pdf of the image from us here.

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC02441 Author/Creator: Morgan, George (1743–1810) Place Written: Pittsburgh and Carlisle, Pennsylvania Type: Document signed Date: 21 September 1775 to November 15 1775 Pagination: 20 p. ; 33 x 20 cm.

Summary of Content: A "true copy of the minutes" made by George Morgan re: various minutes and agreements pertaining to the Indiana company, which speculated in land along the Ohio river. In an 1768 treaty Indians had ceded a large tract of land to the "unfortunate traders" for damages they had caused them in 1763. The Indiana company sought to acquire and sell this land. Includes minutes from a September 21-23 meeting in Pittsburg assuring the legality of the purchases and establishing rules for their oversight and sale. Drafts of a pair of letters written during the meeting, one the "The Public," are included. The minutes from a meeting in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, from November 13-15, and drafts of the letters written during this meeting, the main purpose of which was to publish an advertisement, are also included. One of these letters is a petition to the state of Virginia, asking that the claims based on the 1768 treaty be recognized by the state. After years of litigation, Virginia would succeed in opposing these claims. Also includes copies of a number of outside opinions, one written by Benjamin Franklin, on why the land grants belong to the company and "should be deemed valid." Lastly includes a list of the damages suffered by the traders due to the Indians.

Background Information: George Morgan was an Indian agent, helped form the Indiana company, and was involved in other land schemes as well.

People: Morgan, George, 1743-1810
Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790

Historical Era: American Revolution, 1763-1783

Subjects: American Indian HistoryContractLand GrantWestward ExpansionFrontiers and ExplorationTreatyMerchants and TradeCommerceLawFinancePetitionGovernment and CivicsBoundary or Property DisputeWartime Pillaging and Destruction

Sub Era: The War for Independence

Order a Copy Citation Guidelines for Online Resources