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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Douglass, Frederick (1818-1895) to Thomas B. Pugh

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC01954 Author/Creator: Douglass, Frederick (1818-1895) Place Written: Washington, D.C. Type: Autograph letter signed Date: 17 November 1870 Pagination: 2 p. ; 24.9 x 19.6 cm.

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Summary of Content: Douglass refuses to speak at the Philadelphia Academy of Music because of its discriminatory policies towards African Americans. The letter escalates into a barrage of criticism against the Academy and Philadelphia the "City of Brotherly Love", which according to Douglass "stands almost alone in the intensity of its wolfish hate and snobbish pride of race."

Background Information:

People: Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895
Pugh, T.B., fl. 1870

Historical Era: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877

Subjects: African American HistoryArt, Music, Theater, and FilmCivil War

Sub Era: Reconstruction

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