Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Madison, James (1751-1836) to Eliza Trist

High-resolution images are available to schools and libraries via subscription to American History, 1493-1943. Check to see if your school or library already has a subscription. Or click here for more information. You may also request a pdf of the image from us here.

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC00647 Author/Creator: Madison, James (1751-1836) Place Written: New York, New York Type: Autograph letter signed Date: 29 October [1788] Pagination: 2 p. : address ; 23 x 19 cm.

Summary of Content: Discusses his travel plans and health. Also discusses an indigent man named John (slave), whom Madison feels responsible for. Mentions Edmund Randolph, William Grayson, and Thomas Jefferson. Trist was the daughter of a woman who ran a Philadelphia boarding house where Madison and Jefferson frequently stayed. Signed "Js. Madison Jr." Year inferred by the Library of Congress, Papers of the Delegates of Congress project.

Background Information: Signer of the U.S. Constitution.

People: Madison, James, 1751-1836
Trist, Elizabeth House, d. 1828
Randolph, Edmund, 1753-1813
Grayson, William, 1736-1790
Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826

Historical Era: The New Nation, 1783-1815

Subjects: PresidentWomen's HistoryHealth and MedicalAfrican American TroopsSlaveryTravel

Sub Era:

Order a Copy Citation Guidelines for Online Resources