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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Stephens, Isaac to Henry Mackey re: account of Battle of Horseshoe Bend, with drawing

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC06772 Author/Creator: Stephens, Isaac Place Written: Blountville Type: Autograph letter signed Date: 1814/05/12 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: Written on light pink paper to his uncle, Henry Mackey at Lexington, Va. A plan and account of the battle of Horseshoe Bend, the last battle of the Creek War, after which the Creek leader Red Eagle surrendered to Jackson and signed a treaty abandoning their lands in Southern Georgia and Alabama. The drawing, which is well drawn and detailed, is entitled "A correct View of the Battle of the Horse-Shoe, March 27th 1814... when the Indians were totally destroyed by the unequaled bravery of the gallant sons of Tennessee, commanded by General Jackson." Stephens's letter (with the attached drawing) notes that "the Creek prophets have Nearly all come in and Surrendered themselves..."


Historical Era: The New Nation, 1783-1815

Keywords/Subjects: American Indian History, Frontiers and Exploration, Westward Expansion, Military History, Battle, President, Surrender

Sub Era: The Age of Jefferson & Madison